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British protectorates with ETJ

These countries and territories were former British protectorates where the Crown exercised extra-territorial jurisdiction.

Birth (or descent from a father born) in a former British Protectorate granted British protected person (BPP) status.Depending on the independence day arrangements and how nationality of the newly independent country was granted, this status could be retained in some cases.

If this status was retained, it was (and is) also possible in some circumstances to upgrade this status to full British nationality in the modern day, or to pass down this status one generation from father to child.

British protectorates with extra-territorial jurisdiction (ETJ) were found in Europe, Africa and the Arabian Peninsula:


  • Akrotiri and Dhekelia UK Cyprus military bases
  • Ionian Islands (now part of Greece)
  • Cyprus


  • Ashanti (now part of Ghana)
  • Barotseland (now part of Zambia)
  • Bechuanaland (now Botswana)
  • Bunyoro
  • Egypt
  • Gambia Protectorate (now part of Gambia)
  • Gilbert Islands (now part of Kiribati)
  • Kenya Protectorate (Jubaland Kismayu and Port Durnford)
  • Kenya Protectorate (Lamu Patta and Strip)
  • Kiribati
  • Maldives
  • Nigeria Protectorates (now part of Nigeria)
  • Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia)
  • Northern Somaliland (now part of Somalia)
  • Northern Territories Protectorate (now part of Ghana)
  • Nyasaland (now Malawi)
  • Sierra Leone Protectorate (now part of Sierra Leone)
  • Solomon Islands
  • Swaziland
  • Transvaal (now part of South Africa)
  • Tuvalu
  • Uganda
  • Zanzibar (now part of Tanzania)

Arabian Peninsula

  • Aden Protectorates (now part of Yemen)
  • Kamaran (now part of Yemen)

Contact our citizenship team

Phone us (SA): +27 (0) 21 657 2139

Phone us (UK): +44 (0) 20 7759 7581

South Africa

Regent Square
Doncaster Road
Kenilworth 7708
Cape Town
t: +27 (0) 21 657 2120

United Kingdom

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77/91 New Oxford Street
t: +44 (0) 20 7759 7514


Suite 8.06
9 Yarra Street
South Yarra
Melbourne VIC 3141
t: +613 (0) 86 514 500

Hong Kong

Level 1102
The Lee Gardens
33 Hysan Avenue
Causeway Bay, Hong Kong
t: +852 3959 8681

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