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Data releases and relevant current affairs for the week

Currency movement forecasts, market analysis and expected data release results

Important events and predicted effects on currencies


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Despite varied vaccination successes, major markets continue to maintain positive outlooks ahead of a week of heavy data releases.

Weekly market report for the week ahead

Week starting 29-03-2021


  • The US Dollar was in the green last week, driven by optimism over the country’s economic recovery and increase in vaccinations. Jerome Powell and Janet Yellen reinforced their dovish policy, indicating that they are confident in the rollout of the stimulus package that is currently being injected into the economy.
  • Bond yields fell as the Fed appears satisfied with its use of available monetary tools and remains comfortable with allowing inflation to tick up in the short term. The resurgence of Covid-19 cases was the balancemain catalyst that contributed to falling yields, which has the potential to stunt the region’s recovery.
  • Weekly jobless claims were down to 648,000 from 781,000 last week. Durable Goods Orders were down 1.1% in February, while Personal Income spending came in at -1.0% for the month. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) grew by 4.3% in quarter four of last year while the current account deficit grew to $188.5 billion in quarter four. Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) for March came in at 59, up from 58.6 in February.
  • This week, Non-farm Payrolls will be released for March, after positive data in February. Unemployment rate data for March is also due this week.


  • The Eurozone remains scattered with regards to their vaccination plan. Slow progress has limited the Euro, with EUR/USD reaching lows that haven’t been seen since last November.
  • German growth expectations were cut to 3.7%, down from 4.2%, further adding to the struggling Euro’s concerns. Worries over vaccine export bans also contributed to the Euro’s continued volatility and sell-off.
  • This week, March Consumer Confidence will be released for the Euro Area. Core Inflation Rate will be out on Wednesday and is expected at 1.1% (year-on-year). A host of German data, including unemployment, retail sales, Manufacturing PMI and Balance of Trade will provide additional insight into the economic activity in the Eurozone.


  • The sterling was supported fairly well by the UK’s continued vaccination efforts, but was limited by a strong US Dollar and 3rd wave concerns. The Bank of England’s (BoE) meetings contributed to Pound volatility, with investors eyeing the International Settlement Conference. The focus remains on unemployment, while the BoE appears comfortable with allowing inflation to rise. Potential for negative interest rates has also impacted the Pound’s rally, while GBP/USD closed the week lower at 1.3785.
  • Unemployment figures were positive, down to 5.0%, with 86,000 new jobs created in February. Inflation for February was reported at 0.4%, down from year-on-year pre-pandemic levels of 0.7%. Manufacturing PMI was up to 57.9 in March, from 55.1 (month-on-month). Retail sales in February experienced 2.1% growth, after an 8.2% decline in January.
  • This week, GDP growth and current account data will be released for quarter four 2020.


  • South Africa’s inflation data for February was favourably low, reported at 2.9%. This further supports the SARB’s decision to keep rates at 3.5%, with no rate hikes expected for the next six months.
  • Despite lower-than-expected inflation figures, the Rand was unable to escape undeniable Dollar strength, which saw the ZAR depreciate against major developed-market currencies. The USD/ZAR pair was up by 2.02% last week, while GBP/ZAR advanced by 1.10%.
  • This week, we will hear more about the current state of South Africa’s economy through various data releases. Balance of Trade and Retail Sales for the month of February will be out, along with Manufacturing PMI for March.


  • The Aussie Dollar performed comparatively well against the wave of Dollar and sterling strength. GBP/AUD was up 0.78% last week, while USD/AUD advance by 1.40%.
  • Australia’s economy appears to be functioning well, with good control over the Coronavirus allowing the region to reach higher output levels. Manufacturing PMI for March rose slightly to 57, highlighting the country’s strong bounce back.
  • This week, the Balance of Trade figures for February are due, after January’s Trade Surplus of AUD 10.15 billion. Retail Sales for February will also be released and is expected to decline by roughly 1%, after 0.3% growth in February. The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) will also deliver its interest rate decision, which is expected to remain at 0.1%. Westpac Consumer Confidence and National Australia Bank (NAB) Business Confidence will be reported for March, further providing insight into the state of economic activity.


  • The Kiwi Dollar did not fare as well as its Aussie counterpart, with the AUD/NZD pair rising by 1.05%. The NZD felt more of the burn from developed market currencies and moved lower this last week, with GBP/NZD climbing above 1.96 during the weekly trade. This 1.83% rise was more manageable than the 2.46% rise in the USD/NZD pair during the week.
  • Data release for New Zealand was fairly light last week. Balance of Trade for February rose to NZD 181 million.
  • This week, the Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) is expected to leave its cash rate at 0.25% and provide an update on its Large Scale Asset Purchase (LASP) programme. This is expected to remain at NZD 100 billion. Business PMI is for the region will be announced on Thursday, after February PMI declined to 53.4.

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