How the points-based system works
The Australian government operates a general skilled migration programme. It is essentially a points-based system with points awarded to applicants based on age, qualification, experience and English language skills.
Your occupation is the basis for your eligibility, so those holding occupations in demand will have the greatest visa options. Australian immigration officials frequently update both the national and regional skills list which determine which occupations are most needed.
Skilled Nominated visa (subclass 190)
The Skilled Nominated visa is a permanent resident visa, only granted to applicants who are nominated by a state or territory government.
The state governments have assessed their own labour market needs and formed lists of occupations in demand. In addition to receiving state nomination, the successful applicant must be under 50 years of age, score at least 60 points and have an occupation on the Consolidated Sponsored Occupations List (CSOL). State nomination adds an additional five points to an applicant’s score, which could make the difference in meeting the 60 point threshold.